FIVE WARNING SIGNS OF VIOLENT RELIGION. Charles Kimball describes five warning signs that point to the misuse of religion for violence in When Religion Becomes Evil. Kimball encourages recognition of these warning signs and challenges religious persons to maintain faithfulness to vital sources within their religion that yield positive change power.
1. Absolute truth claims. Sign: abuse of sacred texts.
2. Blind obedience. Signs: limiting intellectual & individual freedom, abdicate personal responsibility.
3. Establishing the “ideal” time.
4. The end justifies the means
5. Declaring holy war